These differences are not environmentally caused. Differences in males and females appear in infancy, before they could possibly have been learned. They are innate. Recent studies have shown that young boys don’t want to play with dolls; girls don’t want to play with trucks. Boys will be more aggressive, girls will be quieter. Boys will do better in math, girls in verbal skills, no matter what kind of environment or role models they are provided.
It is not surprising, nor should it be a cause for dismay to anyone, that the universal experience of human society, except in a few isolated instances, gives men and women different roles. Even a woman who is a nuclear physicist or a professor of calculus will possess the inborn abilities needed for motherhood.
It is important, however, not to regard either men or women as genetic puppets, controlled by material factors – their chromosomes. As we know, the soul is the substantial form of the body. Thus the ultimate source of male-female differences must be in the spiritual soul. A person is a body-soul unity, and God created each person to be masculine or feminine, body and soul. Our response to who we are and how we use the gifts God has given us (and masculinity or femininity is a gift from God) depends on our free will.
We should not assume that, because of these average differences, certain jobs or talents are only for men or only for women. God gives talents for reasons. Whatever talents He gives, whether possessed by a man or a woman, should be used to glorify Him and benefit others.
We should also not assume that certain virtues are unfeminine or unmasculine. Men can and should be gentle. Women can and should be strong. Nor does it mean that certain defects are justified simply by being masculine or feminine. Being a man does not justify hostile aggressiveness or sexual indulgence. Being a woman does not justify irrationality. Virtue and vice are the same for all. Salvation is the same for all.